An Interview with Desh Subba on ‘Trans Philosophism’

Desh Subba was born in Nepal and lives in Hong Kong. He has been writing various books in ‘Philosophy of Fearism’. His book ‘Trans Philosophism’ was published in 2021. He is a founder of ‘Philosophy of Fearism’. On its base, several books and articles have been written. Bishwa Raj Adhikari has interviewed him for LiveMandu:

Trans Philosophism Is A Terminator

1. May we start the interview with the introduction of your writings?
I am Desh Subba. I have written different genres of literature. Since 1999, I have been concentrating on the ‘Philosophy of Fearism’. It took a long time to shape a philosophy. I researched; consulted with professors and studied to support it. It was hard to find a clear outline. In the beginning, Fearism was a matter of mocking concept because it was hard to accept as philosophy. No one thought and heard such Fear+ism before. As for them, fear was an average thought as others’ emotions. It was true in a sense. It was the reason that it became a joke. It was not happening to me only. Most philosophers faced such difficulties. In my experience, people learn a piece of philosophy. A piece of learning cannot complete the learning process. We cannot understand if we start from the middle. It is the same as watching a movie after one minute of starting to read a book from the 2nd page. When we miss the beginning, then we get lost somewhere. It is the trend of our academic research and study. Suppose, somebody read Marxism and said I know Marxism. At least to know Marxism needs to reach out to Socrates and Plato because the thesis, antithesis, and synthesis came from Meno and ‘The Republic’. Once Meno asked Socrates,

Meno: “Can knowledge (virtue is written in Wikipedia) learn and teach?”
Socrates: “Cannot because it exists within us”.

Meno: “How to draw it out?”
Socrates: “Through dialectic method.”

He was talking about conceptual knowledge. Until the synthesis, dialect must continue.

Similarly, the word communism first came from Plato. He used it in how to rule Athens. He said, “Ruler and warrior class are not permitted to keep the private property because if they acquire private property, they can be corrupted.” He had a fear of corrupting the state. In a social measure, he preferred the communist system. We are playing a role like scholars of Socrates. After conversing with scholars, he said, “We do not know—neither the sophists, nor the orators, nor the artists, nor I—what the True, the Good, and the beautiful are. But there is this difference between us: although they believe they know something; whereas, I, if I know nothing, at least have no doubt about it.”

2. ‘Philosophy of Fearism’ is now widely read. Can you explain it in the simplest form?
It is a philosophy like other philosophies. Its primary subject is fear. It looks at life and the world on its basis. It is my understanding; that most of the influential philosophies have come from suffering, pain, pleasure, happiness, will, desire, etc. Fear was left behind, even some philosophers had given the place but it was negative, harmful, and secondary. We (fearists) are giving full focus on it. Its major quotes are “life is conducted, directed, and controlled by fear”, and the “(Existence of) fear precedes essence”. At present, politics, economics, education, healthcare, entertainment, and relation is conducted, directed, and controlled by fear of Covid—19. It is very practical. It is not negative; it is the most positive motivator. We see the fear of pandemic activated government, scientists, and medicines. If it was not spread, it would not require the invention of medicine, insulin, and issue the laws. We are not doing it just for Corona, we did since early civilization. The bottom line of our invention, development, and construction is fear.

3. End of last year, your new book ‘Trans Philosophism’ was published. Can you say some words about it?
It is a metamorphosis of ‘Philosophy of Fearism’ in one sense and a terminator in another sense. By name, if we go through, it has four words Trans+Philo+sophy+ism=Trans Philosophism. It argues that the later philosophies have to turn on the ‘Trans Philosophism’ way. It has operated, refuted, criticized, and fearmorphosed (metamorphosed) the political theory of Thomas Hobbes, Communist Manifesto, Of Grammatology of Derrida, postmodernism, the subaltern studies, ecological crisis, and Existentialism.

4. How can it be metamorphosis and terminator?
When the variant of philosophy comes that is a metamorphosis; if it strongly refutes and takes to an advanced level that is the terminator. Das Capital is an offspring of the Communist Manifesto. Several philosophies are in metamorphosis form. It is in Communism, Existentialism, modernism, postmodernism, etc. Some parts of Hegelian idealism (idea, or mind, or reason, spirit, or and Giest) are the metamorphosis of Purush and Prakriti of Sankhya philosophy. The spirit of Hegel and Purush of Sankhya has a common base; it has the potential to create matter. Similarly, the political theory of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau is a kind of metamorphosis because their first form is the state of nature. An animal is a living thing, so the same animal changes in different forms. An idea needs to change through philosophers. We cannot ignore the metamorphosis structure of the Communist Manifesto, Das Capital, Leninism, Maoism, and some other communists. If we see in the context of Nepal, there are plenty of metamorphosed offspring of communists. They are metamorphoses in the ‘Trans Philosophism’ terminology. ‘Trans Philosophism’ is a terminator because it terminates the previous meaning. In reality, fear is a terminator. It terminates other emotions. To look from a fearism point of view is fearmorphosis.

5. How is the development of the Philosophy of Fearism?
It is growing to the adolescence stage. They will grow into teenagers and adults. On its base, almost 20 books and lots of articles have been written. Trans Philosophism is among them. Dr. Bhawani Shankar Adhikari has applied it in his Ph.D. dissertation. It is a healthy symptom. In some books, I involved myself. Several universities have kept it on reference lists. Within 8 years, its progress is zeal.

6. Do you have some words for readers?
It is my experience, that if we want to learn philosophy, we must go back to 570 BC, and nevertheless, we miss the page. Around 600 BC is its beginning. As I said, reading from the 2nd page misguides our knowledge.

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